List of the amphibians and reptiles of Morocco


Order Caudata (salamanders and newts)

Family Salamandridae Goldfuss, 1820 (true salamanders and newts)

Order Anura (frogs and toads)

Family Alytidae Fitzinger, 1843 (midwife and painted toads)

Family Pelobatidae Bonaparte, 1850 (spadefoot toads)

Family Bufonidae Gray, 1825 (true toads)

Family Hylidae Rafinesque, 1815 (tree frogs)

Family Ranidae Rafinesque-Schmaltz, 1814 (true frogs)

Familia Dicroglossidae Anderson, 1871 (warted water frogs)

    • Hoplobatrachus occipitalis (Günther, 1858) — African groove-crowned frog



 Order Chelonii (turtles, tortoises and terrapins)

Family Testudinidae Batsch, 1788 (tortoises)

    • Testudo graeca Linnaeus, 1758 — Spur-thighed Tortoise

Family Geoemydidae Theobald, 1868 (Old World terrapins)

Family Emydidae Rafinesque, 1815 (New World terrapins)


Order Squamata (geckos, lizards, skinks and snakes)

GEKKOTA (geckos)

Family Sphaerodactylidae Underwood, 1954 (least geckos)

Family Gekkonidae Oppel, 1811 or Gray, 1825 (true geckos)

Family Phyllodactylidae Gamble, Bauer, Greenbaum and Jackman, 2008 (leaf-toed geckos)



Family Scincidae Oppel, 1811 or Gray, 1825 (skinks)


LACERTOIDEA (worm and true lizards)

 Worm lizards

Family Blanidae Kearney, 2003 (Mediterranean worm lizards)

Family Trogonophiidae Gray, 1865 (desert ringed lizards)

True lizards

Family Lacertidae Batsch, 1788 (true lizards)


ANGUIMORPHA (glass lizards and monitors)

Family Anguidae Gray, 1825 (glass lizards)

    • Hyalosaurus koellikeri Günther, 1873 — Moroccan Glass Lizard

Family Varanidae Merrem, 1820 (monitors)


IGUANIA (agamids and chameleons)

Family Agamidae Spix, 1825 or Fitzinger, 1826 (agamas)

Family Chamaeleonidae Gray, 1825 (chameleons)


 SERPENTES (snakes)

Family Leptotyphlopidae  Stejneger, 1892 (thread snakes)

Family Boidae Gray, 1825 (boas)

    • Eryx jaculus (Linnaeus, 1758) — Western Sand Boa

Family Colubridae Oppel, 1811 (colubrids)

Family Lamprophiidae Boie, 1827 (African house, sand and Montpellier snakes)

Family Elapidae Boie, 1827 (proteroglyphous fangs snakes)

Family Viperidae Oppel, 1811 (true vipers)