List of the amphibians and reptiles of Morocco

CLASS AMPHIBIA (AMPHIBIANS)

Order Caudata (salamanders and newts)

Family Salamandridae Goldfuss, 1820 (true salamanders and newts)

Order Anura (frogs and toads)

Family Alytidae Fitzinger, 1843 (midwife and painted toads)

Family Pelobatidae Bonaparte, 1850 (spadefoot toads)

Family Bufonidae Gray, 1825 (true toads)

Family Hylidae Rafinesque, 1815 (tree frogs)

Family Ranidae Rafinesque-Schmaltz, 1814 (true frogs)

Familia Dicroglossidae Anderson, 1871 (warted water frogs)

    • Hoplobatrachus occipitalis (Günther, 1858) — African groove-crowned frog

 

CLASS REPTILIA (REPTILES)

 Order Chelonii (turtles, tortoises and terrapins)

Family Testudinidae Batsch, 1788 (tortoises)

    • Testudo graeca Linnaeus, 1758 — Spur-thighed Tortoise

Family Geoemydidae Theobald, 1868 (Old World terrapins)

Family Emydidae Rafinesque, 1815 (New World terrapins)

 

Order Squamata (geckos, lizards, skinks and snakes)

GEKKOTA (geckos)

Family Sphaerodactylidae Underwood, 1954 (least geckos)

Family Gekkonidae Oppel, 1811 or Gray, 1825 (true geckos)

Family Phyllodactylidae Gamble, Bauer, Greenbaum and Jackman, 2008 (leaf-toed geckos)

 

SCINCOIDEA (skinks)

Family Scincidae Oppel, 1811 or Gray, 1825 (skinks)

 

LACERTOIDEA (worm and true lizards)

 Worm lizards

Family Blanidae Kearney, 2003 (Mediterranean worm lizards)

Family Trogonophiidae Gray, 1865 (desert ringed lizards)

True lizards

Family Lacertidae Batsch, 1788 (true lizards)

 

ANGUIMORPHA (glass lizards and monitors)

Family Anguidae Gray, 1825 (glass lizards)

    • Hyalosaurus koellikeri Günther, 1873 — Moroccan Glass Lizard

Family Varanidae Merrem, 1820 (monitors)

 

IGUANIA (agamids and chameleons)

Family Agamidae Spix, 1825 or Fitzinger, 1826 (agamas)

Family Chamaeleonidae Gray, 1825 (chameleons)

 

 SERPENTES (snakes)

Family Leptotyphlopidae  Stejneger, 1892 (thread snakes)

Family Boidae Gray, 1825 (boas)

    • Eryx jaculus (Linnaeus, 1758) — Western Sand Boa

Family Colubridae Oppel, 1811 (colubrids)

Family Lamprophiidae Boie, 1827 (African house, sand and Montpellier snakes)

    • Boaedon fuliginosus (Boie, 1827) — Common African House Snake
    • Malpolon monspessulanus (Hermann, 1804) — Western Montpellier Snake
    • Malpolon insignitus (Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1827) — Eastern Montpellier Snake
    • Rhagerhis moilensis (Reuss, 1834) — False cobra
    • Psammophis schokari (Forskål, 1775) — Forskål’s Sand-snake

Family Elapidae Boie, 1827 (proteroglyphous fangs snakes)

    • Naja haje (Linnaeus, 1758) —Egyptian cobra

Family Viperidae Oppel, 1811 (true vipers)

    • Vipera latastei (Boscá, 1878) — Lataste’s Viper
    • Daboia mauritanica (Gray, 1849) — Moorish Viper
    • Cerastes cerastes (Linnaeus, 1758) — Horned Viper
    • Cerastes vipera (Linnaeus, 1758) — Sand Viper
    • Echis pyramidum (Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1827) — Saw-scaled Viper
    • Bitis arietans (Merrem, 1820) — Puff Adder